S.J. Quinney College of Law

Celebrating 100 Years of
Legal Education (1913-2013)

Extra Muros

About Extra Muros

Extra Muros began in 2005 when several 1L students at the College of Law decided that they would like to have a journal of international law. With assistance from the Publications Council of the University, they were able to test launch the first articles online in 2006. We thank the Publications Council for continuing to support our electronic endeavors in contemporary publishing.

The journal is currently the publication arm of of Global Justice through Research, a think tank on global justice issues at the University of Utah College of Law. In addition to publishing materials for the think tank and the results of symposia held at the University of Utah , the journal publishes articles submitted either directly to the Articles Editor or through ExpressO, the submission engine of the University of California Bepress .

For the journal, it is our intention to focus on alternative approaches to international law and critiques of those approaches. Critical legal studies, feminism, third-world approaches, neo-conservative, Marxist, as well as multi-disciplinary approaches are several of the critiques of the contemporary international legal landscape that we seek to represent. In addition, we want to reach out to young scholars, L.L.M. and S.J.D./Ph.D. candidates, to bring their cutting-edge legal research to the fore.

We publish primarily online. This allows us to update material as it is edited. In addition, for conference and symposium edition, we will submit our compiled PDFs to an on-demand publisher for ready distribution of hardbound editions through online retailers.

Author Guidelines

Citations and Style

All submissions should comply with the citation and style guidelines of The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation (18th ed. 2000) and The Chicago Manual of Style (14th ed. 1993) unless otherwise excepted below.

Extra Muros follows the American Journal of International Law Author Style Guide exceptions to The Bluebook and Manual on matters of capitalization, hyphenation and compound words, abbreviations, non-English words and phrases, and numerals and symbols. The AJIL author style guide may be found on the AJIL website. Warning: the file is an Adobe Acrobat PDF file requiring Adobe Acrobat Reader, available via free download at the Adobe Acrobat website.

Where a citation form requires underlining, Extra Muros prefers the use of italics. This is to avoid confusion of citations with hyperlinks in the texts.


Extra Muros requests English and Spanish language submissions. At this time we are unable to accommodate additional language submissions without an accompanying English translation.


Article authors retain copyright in their works. However, Extra Muros reserves some rights in the collection.

You are free to:
Copy, distribute, display, and perform the work

Provided that:
Proper attribution is given, the use is non-commercial, and the work is not altered, transformed, or built upon. All redistribution of this work requires the terms of this license to be stated clearly to readers.

The terms of this license may be waived by written permission from the Editorial Board of Extra Muros.


ISSN office at the Library of Congress:
e-ISSN 1559-6842


Extra Muros Papers

The ICC and the US Bilateral Agreements: Impunity Agreements?
Published: 5/22/2006
The author analyzes US measures to limit ICC power: to understand the justifications for its concerns and validity of these measures, especially in relation to Article 98 Agreements. The article seeks to establish the relevant points that must be taken into consideration in determining what the precise interpretation of Article 98 of the ICC Statute should be, and if the interpretation given by the US Government and the wording of the proposed text of Article 98 Agreements may lead into the situation the ICC was created to combat: impunity.

To Protect or to Control? Imperialism and the Refugee Past…
Published: 5/22/2006
This paper attempts to track imperial influences of the colonial period to modern international relations and policies informed by the self-interest of sovereign states grappling with the forces pf globalization and unmanageable flows of refugees. It seeks to reveal both the North’s responsibility to provide for the needs of contemporary refugees and the motivating reasons behind responding to those needs.

Liberalization of the Temporary Movement of Natural Persons…
Published: 5/22/2006
Explores the movement of labor in connection with the services provision and the WTO General Agreement on Trade and Services. The paper addresses how further liberalizing the service trade, specifically the movement of natural persons, will benefit skilled, unskilled, and semi-skilled workers in developing countries.

Proudly Made by Workers Over the Age of Twelve…
Published: 5/22/2006
To more fully protect human rights, all people as consumers need to become more aware and involved in the human rights struggle. This paper argues that this can best be accomplished through a labeling process that informs consumers and allows them to force the market to take human rights into account.

The Commodification of Indigenous Peoples’ Traditional Medicinal…
Published: 5/22/2006
This paper weighs the advantages and disadvantages of the commodification of indigenous knowledge by discussing various legal schemes and theories that potentially could protect indigenous communities’ rights. While there is no perfect solution, it advances Margaret Jane Radin’s theories regarding incomplete commodification to offer a workable and practical solution.